What Is a Hydroponic Garden, How to Start One, and Expert Advice

Hydroponic gardening is a terrific technique to grow food in small spaces without using dirt. Here's what you should know.

Plants may thrive indoors, year round, in less area than typical soil-based gardens because hydroponic gardens use water instead of dirt.

This implies that even if you live in a small apartment or don't have an outdoor space, you may grow fresh food like leafy greens and herbs. 

To thrive, plants require sunlight, water, and nutrients. Plants typically obtain nutrients from soil, but "the basis of hydroponics is rooted in growing the food in nutrient-enriched water," according to Rick Vanzura, CEO of Freight Farms. 

A hydroponic system can be regulated to guarantee that a plant receives enough water, nutrients, light, and even the proper pH level to survive and develop.

Hydroponic gardening, in addition to being able to grow food without soil and in small places, can help to solve social and environmental challenges by providing a sustainable source of food.

Wicking systemSystem for deep water culturing

Deep water culture system

This system is more technical and complex but also offers greater versatility. 

"One of the most important things you can do to maintain a hydroponic system is to change the water on a consistent basis," Vanzura said.

"It's also important to practice taking sensor readings for electrical conductivity (EC) and pH to ensure your nutrients and pH-down are dosing correctly," Vanzura said.

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